If you’re a fan of orchids, you’ve likely experienced the disappointment of seeing their beautiful blooms fade away. Orchids are undeniably stunning but can be challenging to care for. So, how do florists manage to keep their orchids in constant bloom?

In truth, there’s no specific trick or magical formula. It’s a combination of care and attention that is crucial for maintaining a healthy plant, resulting in an abundance of flowers.

General Considerations:

  • Light Exposure: Orchids generally dislike direct sunlight. They don’t thrive outdoors, especially in locations where temperatures can drop below 15°C or rise above 30°C, and in overly dry environments.
  • Blooming Period: Orchids typically bloom in spring after a winter rest period. If your orchid is flowerless in winter, patience is key. If you buy a flowering plant in winter, it likely comes from a greenhouse with artificial conditions and may struggle in a home environment.

Tips to Make Your Orchid Bloom:

  1. Find a Well-Lit Spot: Most orchids prefer well-lit corners without direct sunlight. The more ambient light they receive, the better the chances of blooming during their active period. Ideally, place them near a window.
  2. Maintain Proper Substrate Moisture: Orchids are usually sold with a pine bark substrate, providing excellent drainage for their roots. These tropical, parasitic plants thrive on tree trunks, absorbing moisture from the air. While they need humidity, they dislike a soggy substrate. Water sparingly in winter, but in dry climates or heated indoor spaces, water more frequently (never more than once a week). Check the substrate’s moisture level against light; if it’s visible, hold off on watering; if dry, use distilled water.In extremely dry environments, consider using a humidifier or misting the orchid leaves daily. Avoid placing the plant in excessively humid areas, like heavily trafficked bathrooms.
  3. Fertilize Regularly: Orchids need a specific fertilizer for their flowering. This can be found in specialized stores and is typically a liquid that you add to the watering. Orchids from greenhouses are already well-fertilized, but after a few months, it’s your responsibility to continue their care with additional fertilizer.
  4. Provide Adequate Temperature Contrast: Orchids require a significant temperature contrast in the weeks leading up to spring. Ideally, a difference of about 10°C between the nighttime minimum and daytime maximum, always staying within the 15°C to 30°C range. To achieve the correct temperature, consider moving the plant within 24 hours from a warmer to a cooler location.

With these careful considerations and a touch of dedication, you can unlock the secret to having orchids that bloom beautifully, just like the florists do.