Orchids are stunningly beautiful flowers, renowned for their delicate appearance and the demanding care they require. Nevertheless, even novice gardeners can successfully cultivate them. This article provides a guide to the basics of orchid care, simplifying the practices needed for these magnificent and sometimes intimidating plants.

Fundamentals of Orchid Care

Light and Temperature

Orchids thrive in bright environments without direct sunlight, which can burn their delicate leaves. An east or west-facing window is ideal, providing the soft light they need. The ideal temperature varies by species, but a slight contrast between day and night temperatures promotes blooming.

Watering and Humidity

Watering should be moderate, allowing the substrate to dry out between waterings to prevent root rot. Maintaining an ambient humidity of around 60-70% is beneficial, simulating their natural humid environment. Using a humidifier or placing the pot on a tray of wet pebbles can help maintain this humidity.

Substrate and Repotting

Choosing an airy, well-draining substrate is crucial, as orchids dislike having their roots constantly wet. Repotting every 2 to 3 years with fresh substrate helps prevent diseases and supports plant growth.


Orchids benefit from balanced fertilization tailored to their needs. Using a specially formulated orchid fertilizer, applied at low doses, promotes healthy growth without overloading the plant with nutrients.

Advanced Tips for Orchid Growth

Watering orchids with green tea is an innovative, though unconventional, practice. This method can provide a beneficial slight acidity to some orchids and extra nutrients. However, it should be practiced sparingly: 2 teaspoons of diluted green tea per day, avoiding watering on weekends, may suffice. This tip does not replace basic care but can complement a careful care regimen.

Observations and Adjustments

Paying close attention to the plant is essential. Yellowing leaves, soft roots, or a lack of blooming can indicate a problem. Adjusting care based on these signals is crucial to restoring the orchid’s health.

This article, enriched with practical advice and advanced techniques, offers a comprehensive approach to orchid care. By following these guidelines, gardeners of all levels can successfully cultivate and enjoy the splendor of orchids, transforming their living space with the beauty of these fascinating plants.