Introduction: Orchids, among the most exquisite and admired flowers, hold the potential for year-round blooming if propagated successfully. If you’ve only experienced the joy of flowering orchids and haven’t delved into propagation, you’re in for a treat. Discover various methods to propagate orchids, ensuring the perpetual reproduction of your favorite plants. This guide will walk you through the steps of propagating orchids through keikis (baby plants) and stem cuttings, offering a near-endless supply of these captivating blooms.

Materials Needed:

  1. Healthy orchid plant
  2. Pruning shears or a sharp knife
  3. Waterproof tray (about 8 cm deep)
  4. Sand or moistened Sphagnum moss
  5. Small pots
  6. Orchid mix (composed of bark, volcanic soil, and moistened Sphagnum moss)
  7. Plastic wrap

Propagating Orchids with Keikis:

Obtaining a Keiki:

  1. After the orchid has finished blooming, carefully cut the flower spike just above the base of the plant, exposing the node area.
  2. Peel the area slightly, ensuring it remains in contact with the air, creating the possibility for a keiki to develop.

Planting a Keiki:

  1. When the keiki’s roots reach a length of 4-5 cm, plant it in the same pot as the mother plant to provide consistent growth conditions.
  2. Cut the keiki about 3-5 cm from the flower spike and plant it with roots facing downward, lightly covered with the orchid mix.
  3. The cut portion of the flower spike can be buried as well, forming an anchor.
  4. Once the keiki has grown, it can be separated from the mother plant with care.

Propagating Orchids with Stem Cuttings:

  1. Cut a 30 cm stem from the mother plant, using a sharp knife.
  2. Divide it into sections of approximately 7 cm, ensuring each cutting has a dormant bud.
  3. Fill the waterproof tray with either sand or moistened Sphagnum moss.
  4. Place the cuttings on the tray, cover with plastic wrap, and keep in a location at 15°C, away from direct sunlight.
  5. After a few weeks, increase the temperature to 24-30°C, spraying water on the tray to maintain consistent moisture.
  6. Once shoots and roots have formed, cut the stem again using a sharp knife.
  7. Plant the new orchids in small pots filled with a mix of bark, volcanic soil, and moistened Sphagnum moss.
  8. Plant the orchid with shoots facing upward.
  9. Place the newly propagated orchids in a bright but indirect sunlight location.
  10. Water regularly, avoiding excess to prevent root rot.
  11. Keep the plant in a humid environment, away from direct heat sources.

Conclusion: Propagating orchids opens up a world of possibilities, allowing you to enjoy the beauty of these flowers perpetually. Whether through keikis or stem cuttings, follow these steps carefully to ensure a successful propagation journey, and soon you’ll have an orchid collection that keeps on giving.