Leeks, with their hardiness and versatility, stand out as an excellent addition to your garden. In this guide, we’ll explore when and how to grow leeks for a successful harvest, ensuring you enjoy beautiful, long stems from fall to spring when other crops may be scarce.

Choosing Varieties:

To extend your leek harvest, opt for a mix of varieties. Early-season leeks are ideal for a fall harvest, while mid- and late-season varieties yield smooth stems for winter and spring. Look for “rust-resistant” varieties to combat potential fungal issues.

Ideal Growing Conditions:

Select a sunny, open location with well-dug soil enriched with organic matter. Be mindful of rust, a fungal disease that may emerge in summer. Adequate spacing between plants promotes air circulation and prevents potential issues.

Sowing Leeks:

Sow early varieties under cover from late winter and others from mid-spring. Sow seeds thinly in pots or trays with potting soil. Ensure approximately 2-3 cm spacing between seeds, covering them with a thin layer of soil. Keep the soil consistently moist during germination.

Transplanting Process:

Transplant leeks when they reach a height of 15 to 20 cm. Acclimate young leeks to outdoor conditions gradually before transplanting. Dig holes at the height of leek stems, spaced 15 cm apart, with rows 30 cm apart. Place leek seedlings in the holes, ensuring roots reach the bottom. Water the holes without filling them completely.

repiquer poireau

Seasonal Care:

Maximize space by growing salad greens between leeks until they establish. Leeks are low-maintenance, requiring minimal care. Water during dry weather, and keep the soil around leeks weed-free through hand weeding or hoeing.

Enhancing Stem Quality:

For white, long stems, “blanch” leeks 2-3 weeks before harvest by building up soil around stems or tying cardboard tubes. This prevents light penetration, resulting in a desirable texture and color.


Harvest leeks once they reach the desired size. Slide a fork under the plant, pull it out while tugging on the leaves. Trim damaged roots and leaves, wash the soil, and store hardy varieties in cold areas before freezing.

récolte poireau

Culinary Versatility:

Leeks can enhance various recipes, including stir-fries, quiches, soups, pies, and tartlets. For a luxurious touch, add cream and cheese to sautéed leeks, seasoning with salt and pepper.

Conclusion: By following these guidelines, you can cultivate a flourishing leek garden. Share your growing or cooking tips in the comments, and may your leek harvest be abundant and rewarding. Happy sowing!